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Şarbă

White semi-aromatic variety with a recent history in Romanian viticulture, from which are made fresh and fruity wines.

 ORIGINS AND PARENTAGE

Şarbă is an authentic Romanian variety, obtained in 1972, by the researcher Gheorghe Popescu, by crossing Tămâioasa Românească and Italian Riesling grape varieties. Its name was also registered in 1972, and its name comes from the Şarbă Hill, the highest altitude point in the area, with an exceptional terroir for grapevine cultivation. Also, Şarbă, alongside Plăvaie and Galbenă de Odobeşti, is one of the most representative varieties for Vrancea region, the largest vineyard in Romania.

 VITICULTURAL CHARACTERISTICS

It is a plant with a medium vigor, with medium-sized grapes, clustered in compact bunches and thin skins. The maturing period for grapes is in the second half of September. It is resistant to frost, but sensitive to drought and gray rot, especially in rainy autumns.

WHERE IT GROWS AND WHAT THE WINES TASTE LIKE

Şarbă is cultivated with very good results in the vineyards of Southern Moldova, such as Odobeşti, Coteşti, Dealurile Bujorului and on small and isolated areas such as Dealurile Munteniei şi Olteniei.

Generally, from Şarbă are made dry white with acidity with typical aromas of rose petals, basil, lime flowers, acacia flowers and honey, which are recommended to be consumed young. Served at a temperature of 6-8°C (43-46°F) and can be perfectly matched with young cheeses, bream in salt crust, seafood or with the food you like. Also, is a grape variety with large accumulations of sugar, it can also be vinified as medium dry, medium sweet or sweet wines.

Gîrboiu Winery is one of the main producers of Şarbă in Romania, making spectacular white wines using only this grape variety, or combining it with Plăvaie.  

Plăvaie

Originally from the Vrancea region, from Plăvaie are made young, mineral wines with high acidity, which are recommended to be consumed in the first two years after bottling.

PRINCIPAL SYNONYMS

Plăvană, Brumăria, Bălană, Bălaia, Bălaie, Poamă Plăvaie, Plăvaie de Vrancea.

ORIGINS AND PARENTAGE

Plăvaie is a prefiloxeric white native variety, whose origin can be identified in the XVIIIth century in the Vrancea region. The story of the variety’s name is picturesque, referring to the color of the grapes that was very similar to the white-yellowish or gray-white of the sheep, animals that had an essential role in the agriculture and economy of Vrancea at that time.

 VITICULTURAL CHARACTERISTICS

The plant is very vigorous compared to other native varieties. It is resistant to diseases, low temperatures (till -15°C/ 5°F) and drought. Plăvaie has an increased yield, with compact clusters, with grapes that can be harvested starting with the second half of September.

WHERE IT GROWS AND WHAT THE WINES TASTE LIKE

Plăvaie is widespread in the Moldova region, especially in Vrancea County in the Odobeşti, Coteşti and Panciu vineyards, being as popular as Şarbă or Galbenă de Odobeşti. The variety is also spread in the Republic of Moldova, where it is known as Brumăria, but also in countries like Ukraine, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Slovakia, Serbia, Montenegro, Hungary, Austria and Bulgaria.

The wines made from this grape variety are dry, fresh and recommended to be consumed in the first two years after bottling and characterized by green apples, grapefruit, lime juice and lemon peel aromas. Also, due to the increased acidity, the variety can be used to create memorable sparkling wines or brandies.

The Wines that are recommended to be consumed at 6-8°C (43-46°F) and consumed either plainly or with young Romanian cheeses, fish brine, grilled chicken breast with vegetables or along with the food you like.

Villa Vinèa

DOC Târnave

Wines from the heart of Transylvania

Târnave DOC area is located inside the Carpathian Mountains, in the heart of Transylvania region, more precisely located within the basin formed between Târnava Mică and Târnava Mare rivers. From an administrative and territorial point of view, the region is located within Alba, Sibiu, and Mureş counties.

The vineyard has been mentioned since ancient times, being famous for its white wines, characterized by fruitiness, freshness, and high acidity. Also, according to wine literature, Târnave DOC is the birthplace of two of the most popular, appreciated, and expressive Romanian white varieties: Fetească Albă and Fetească Regală.

From a historical point of view, the first mention of Târnave DOC region dates back to 1532, when it was mentioned in a map from “Chorographia Transylvaniae” written by the famous Saxon chronicler and scholar, Johannes Honterus (14981549). Also, in the writing “La Vie privée à Venise, depuis de origine jusqu’à la chute de la République” written by P. Molmenti, the wines from the center of Transylvania are mentioned since 1173. Wines which during that time had an excellent reputation at the Court of Venice, in the reign of Duke Sebastian Ziani. At the same time, the Milanese author, Pietro Casala, eulogiously described the “generous and mature” wines coming from the Carpathian Mountains. Also, information about winemaking practices and wine production around 1896 are mentioned in the works of Herczegh Mihály.

However, the wine history of this region would not have existed in the absence of a unique set of natural factors ideal for cultivating the grapevines and achieving memorable typical Târnave DOC wines.

  • Southwestern slopes that offer natural protection to the grapevines against the spring and autumn winds and hoarfrost;
  • altitude varying between 250-600 meters;
  • brown soil with alternative layers of clay, waterproof marl, sandstone, and sand;
  • moderate temperate-continental climate with warm summers, harsh and humid winters, and long and gentle autumns;
  • the Carpathian Mountains that naturally protect the region against the cold currents from East and North East;
  • optimal level of rainfall, humidity, solar exposure, and heat.

In terms of terroir, the particularity of the region lies in the misty days from the end of the summer, September and October, a phenomenon that leads to slow grape ripening, along with the conservation of the aromas and the high level of acidity which is typical for the area of Târnave DOC. Also, during the ripening process, the day/ night temperature variation (22°C/72°F12°C/54°F) contributes significantly to the quality of the grapes. A level of acidity which favors the production of sparkling wines and brandies.

The white wines produced in Târnave DOC are characterized as fresh due to their high acidity, smooth texture, minerality, along with floral, fruity, and slightly spicy aromas. While the red wines can be described by delicate body, roundness, feminine texture, and clean-cut aromas of forest red fruits.

One of the representative producers from Târnave Vineyard is Villa Vinèa. The story of the winery begins in 2001, when businessman and wine enthusiast Heiner Oberrauch discover in Mica (Mureş County) a picturesque place with great potential for wine production. In 2006 the first grapevines were planted, and in 2012 the winery was inaugurated. One of the main advantages of the winery is having Celestino Lucin, considered the best winemaker in Italy in 2009, a member in the Villa Vinèa team. The winery produces wines made from local varieties such as Fetească Regală, Fetească Albă, and Fetească Neagră, but also from international varieties like Rhine Riesling, Muscat Ottonel, Gewürztraminer, Merlot, and Pinot Noir. However, the particularity of the winery stands in making wines from grape varieties with German and Austrian origin, like Kerner and Zweigelt, highly appreciated by the Oberrauch family and cultivated with notable results in Târnave Vineyard. Based on the terroir and potential of the region, Villa Vinèa will soon launch a range of sparkling wines.

Confirming the unique reputation of Transylvania as a place full of history, legends, mystery and picturesque surroundings, Târnave DOC region impresses with a new wine revival, marked by the unique labels of Villa Vinèa winery.

Grape varieties which can be used to produce wines with “TârnaveControlled Designation of Origin.

White Grape Varieties:

Gewürztraminer, Chardonnay, Pinot Gris, Muscat Ottonel, Sauvignon Blanc, Neuburger,Italian Riesling, Rhine Riesling, Fetească Albă, Fetească Regală, Furmint.

Red Grape Varieties:

Cabernet Sauvignon, Pinot Noir, Fetească Neagră, Syrah, Merlot.

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